Earth and Planetary Science
EPS Planetary Science

SEP 2010 - Lithospheric layering in the North American craton

In a recent article published in the Aug. 26 issue of the journal Nature, BSL posdoc Huaiyu Yuan and faculty member Barbara Romanowicz report that the North American cratonic upper mantle is anisotropically stratified. The strong layering, inferred from rapid changes in the direction of azimuthal anisotropy with depth, reveals two distinct lithospheric layers (Chemical and Thermal layer in figure) throughout the stable part of the continent, and a relatively flat lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary (LAB) further separates the underlying asthenosphere. The findings tie together seismological, geochemical and geodynamical studies of the cratonic lithosphere in North America. Read press release from UC Berkeley and Science on msnbc.com.